Welcome to the next generation in cancer treatment
Contact : Whatsapp / Viber +905301744155
One of the biggest scientific discoveries in recent years, produces ‘Extraordinary’ results in Cancer patients.
Efficacy rates normally considered to be “unprecedented in medicine.” the technique is considered a new era for cancer treatment.
T-cell therapy shows promise for treating advanced disease, making Immunotherapy a ‘pillar’ of cancer care.Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses the immune system to work harder or smarter to attack cancer cells thus preventing growth and spreading of the cells.
Immunotherapy is a new dimension of the treatment of cancer with drug. Every day, millions of cancer cells occur in our body. Cells are available in the human’s immune system to defeat the cancer cells. The immune system acts immediately and destroys the cancer cells when it knows them. T-cells (T-lymphocytes) in the immune system fight with them. The T-cells fight against the cancer cells and try to destroy them. However, cancer cells, using their receptors, connect to the T-cells’ receptors and prevent their fight against them. Immunotherapy drugs prevent the T-cells and cancer cells from connection to each other by means of the receptors and allow the T-cells to carry out their missions. The purpose of immunotherapy is to strengthen the immune system, and thus, to let the body itself to defeat cancer.
-What is the difference from chemotherapy?
•Until now, 3 types of drug treatment were applied in respect with cancer. The first of these is the “cytotoxic” chemotherapy that kills the cancer cells (stereotaxic in cancer). The second is the hormonotherapy methods used for breaking the hormone mechanisms in cancer types such as breast and prostate cancers which develop secondary to the hormones. The third is the targeted treatment that has been used for the last 15 years and increasing gradually; the purpose in this treatment method is to block the mechanisms that develop and spread the cancer. The aim of immunotherapy is to strengthen the target, i.e. The immune system, and thus, to let the body itself to defeat cancer.
•They are different from each other as mechanisms. Chemotherapy kills the cells and immunotherapy strengthens the immune system.
•They have different side effects. Side effects such as hair loss, low blood level, nausea, and vomiting observed in chemotherapy are not observed in immunotherapy. Side effects of immunotherapy are the side effects that occur by stimulation of the immune system mostly.
•In order to apply chemotherapy, the patient’s performance should be good and the body should be functioned. Problem secondary to both the disease and chemotherapy should not harm the patient. Immunotherapy is effective also in patients with low performance. It can be provided even to the very exhausted and sluggish patients. It can be effective in them too.
-How is it made?
Immunotherapy drugs are infused from vessels via serum as in chemotherapy. However, it is comfortable than chemotherapy. It does not create any significant problem while it is applied.
-Who is suitable?
Immunotherapy drugs are not used in the early illness periods for now; it is used in patients with spread and metastasis. It can be used in patients in Stage IV. After all, the patient should be in the early period of Stage IV for the good results.
-In which cancer types is it used?
It is in trial period for many cancer types and gives hope. It is the most important drug for malign melanoma cancers. Chemotherapy has almost no efficacy in malign melanoma, however, immunotherapy is very effective. It is used in progressed diseases after chemotherapy as the first choice for the non-small cell lung cancer. Namely, chemotherapy is applied first and then immunotherapy drugs are given as the second choice when the disease is progressed. Its third area of use is renal cancers. Immunotherapy is used as a second choice when the targeted drugs are fail. Fourthly, it is used for lymph cancers (Hodgkin’s Disease).
-In which other cancers is it intended to use?
It gives hope for intestinal, bladder, gastric and breast cancers. It is still in research phase and not used.
-What kinds of side effects does it have?
Immunotherapy causes to side effects in relation with the immune system. These may cause to some symptoms on skin and diarrhea. It can have effects of inflammation of lung (non-germ pneumonia) and on the hormone system. For example, it may have effect on the thyroid gland and cause to slow or fast functioning of it. It may cause to adrenal insufficiency. Insufficiency of the pituitary gland may be observed. It may cause to fatigue and anorexia. Its side effects should be known very well and the patients should be followed up closely. Therefore, the medical oncologists applying immunotherapy should know when the drug will be discontinued or continued and should take precautions against them when these side effects occur. Not only the medical oncologists, also physicians in other branches such as pulmonology, endocrinology, gastroenterology should know how they will response when any side effect is observed. For example, using cortisone can save life when side effects are observed. Thus, the physician should know when they use cortisone.
-Is it in use in Turkey?
No drug is available in Turkey. Drugs can be supplied by special permissions. Payment problems are experienced. Because drugs are expensive. If immunotherapy drugs are used with proper treatment in the right people, applied with awareness than very successful results can be obtained.
-It is used for cancers in Stage IV.
-It strengthens the immune system and allows the body to fight against the disease.
-It is a long-term treatment.
-The purpose is to keep the disease under control. It is used to prevent the progression of disease.
-Responsive patients live for a long time.
Personalized Chemotherapy is the next generation of cancer treatment, because instead of administering the classical way of drugs; we investigate the cellular and behavioral structure of your cancer first. Once we identify which drugs work best against your type of cancer in your body, we choose the best combination of drugs that will exactly hit your cancer cells with minimum side effects.
Of course, this requires very deep experience in different types of cancer cell behavior. As LIV Hospital, we are proud of having the most experienced and talented doctors with different expertise, who have been handling high number of cancer cases through a real multidisciplinary approach. As one of the leading reference hospitals in Europe, we have been curing thousands of such patients from different countries every year.
Treatment schedules for chemotherapy vary widely. How often and how long you get chemotherapy depends on:
Sometimes, chemotherapy is used as the only cancer treatment. But more often, you will get chemotherapy along with surgery, radiation therapy, or biological therapy. Chemotherapy can:
As LIV Hospital, we make chemotherapy during your hospital stay, or while you visit us as an outpatient (which means you do not have to stay at the hospital). No matter how we do it, our doctors and nurses will watch you carefully for side effects and make any needed drug changes, in order to make your treatment correctly and with comfort.
Although the increasingly widespread use of robotic surgery over the past decade has been concentrated on urologic surgery, it is now being ever more widely used in general, gynecological and heart surgery.
Some of the major benefits experienced by surgeons using the daVinci Robotic Surgery System over traditional approaches have been greater surgical precision, increased range of motion, improved dexterity, enhanced visualization and improved access. daVinci Robotic Surgery System offers many potential benefits to patients facing surgery.
In addition to the classic advantages of laparoscopic surgery, the most significant benefits of robotic surgery are as follows:
Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is surgery typically performed through small incisions, or operating ports, rather than large incisions, resulting in potentially shorter recovery times, fewer complications, reduced hospitalization costs and reduced trauma to the patient. While MIS has become standard-of-care for particular surgical procedures, it has not been widely adopted for more complex or delicate procedures – for example, prostatectomy and mitral valve repair.
Hair loss occurs with some, but not all, chemotherapy drugs. The amount of hair loss varies from a slight thinning to complete baldness, affecting the scalp, eyelashes and eyebrows, legs, armpits, and pubic area. The loss may be gradual or sudden. Sometimes, all body hair may be lost. Keep in mind that hair loss is always temporary. Many people find that their hair starts growing back while they are still receiving chemotherapy. If you wish to purchase a wig, your nurse can provide you with a list of local suppliers. It is recommended that this be done prior to complete hair loss so that your wig can be matched to your natural hair.
Although hair loss (alopecia) is often difficult to deal with, it’s comforting to know that the hair will grow back, often thicker than before. Hair loss can occur on all parts of the body, not just the head. Usually hair loss will occur 2 to 3 weeks after chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatment begins. Once it starts, this loss will continue over a period of days to weeks. Re-growth can begin as soon as 6 to 8 weeks after treatments are completed.
Thrombocytopenia means: Low platelet count.
Platelet (PLT) cells are the types of blood cells that help form blood clots. Platelet cells are made in the bone marrow and can be found in both the bone marrow and the circulating blood. Patients with certain types of cancer and those patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation may experience a reduction in the number of platelets in the circulating blood called thrombocytopenia. This condition may increase your risk of bruising and bleeding once your platelet count drops below 50,000 uL.
Anemia means: Low red blood cell count.
Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body. When there are too few red blood cells, you have anemia. Your body tissues don’t get enough oxygen to do their work, and you could feel very weak, tired or even experience dizziness, chills or shortness of breath. However, not fatigue is caused by anemia. The stress of chemotherapy or radiation therapy can also make you very tired and fatigued. If your counts are severely low, you may need a blood transfusion to boost your RBC count.
It is important to realize that there is nothing that YOU can do to prevent neutropenia / low white blood cell count that is caused by chemotherapy. There are medications that your doctor may prescribe to try to prevent this. However, there are several things that you can do to prevent infections when your white blood cells ale low and you are at high risk.
Know what to look for. The signs and symptoms of infection include the following:
Maintain excellent personal hygiene
Avoid situations that will increase your chance of getting an infection
Neuropenia means: Low white blood cell count.
Because chemotherapy kills both cancerous cells and other normal cells that grow at a fast rate, white blood cells (WBC) we often destroyed along with the cancerous cells resulting in a condition of low WBC’s in the circulating blood called neutropenia.
Because white blood cells play an important role in preventing infection, any time your white blood cell count drops you are at higher risk of getting an infection. What’s more, as these cells also help to fight off infections once they are in the body, it is harder to get over an infection when your white counts are low, therefore, you must do everything that you can to decrease the chance that you will develop an infection while you are receiving chemotherapy.
This too often depends on the specific chemotherapy you receive. It may not occur at all or may occur soon after treatment and may last 24-48 hours. A number of very effective medications called anti-emetics or anti-nausea drugs are now available to help lessen or prevent nausea and vomiting. These medications may be given to you intravenously during your chemotherapy, or you may be given a prescription medication to take at home. There are also several things that you can do to complement those treatment strategies.
Most people who receive chemotherapy experience fatigue. Your daily activities should be planned according to how you feel. We suggest that you take rest periods throughout the day; as often as you feel necessary. Your nurse can suggest other rips to combat fatigue. There are several things that you can do to help yourself recover from this condition.
Your schedule is determined by the specific treatment ordered by our doctors at LIV Cancer Center. Depending on how available your medical condition is, you may have to be seen weekly or perhaps even daily for a period if your blood counts are low.
Although some types of cancer respond best to combination treatment approaches, which may include radiation plus surgery, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy, radiation therapy alone is often an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
External-beam radiation therapy does not make a person radioactive at any time. The radiation is delivered to the body from a machine located in the treatment room so there is no radiation left behind once the treatment machine is turned off. However, with internal radiation therapy (also called brachytherapy), the implants placed in the patient’s body deliver most of the radiation to the cancer, but some radiation can be emitted (released). Therefore, people who receive internal radiation therapy need to take specific precautions for a period of time to reduce others’ exposure to the radiation.
Radiation therapy is a local treatment, meaning it only affects the area of the body where the tumor is located. People do not lose their hair from having radiation therapy unless it is aimed at a part of the body that grows hair, such as the scalp.
Radiation therapy to the pelvic area can affect the reproductive system. For some women, permanent infertility (the inability to conceive a child or maintain a pregnancy) can occur, but usually only if both ovaries receive radiation. Men receiving radiation therapy to the testes or to nearby organs, such as the prostate, will have lowered sperm counts and reduced sperm activity, which affects fertility (the ability to father a child).
For some people, radiation therapy causes few or no side effects. For others, the side effects are more severe. No two cancers and no two patients are exactly alike; therefore, each radiation treatment is individually customized by the radiation oncologist. If a side effect occurs, it is often during the second or third week of treatment and may last for several weeks after the final radiation treatment. Your radiation treatment team will work with you to ease or prevent many of these side effects.
Most people cannot feel radiation from the machine, even during daily treatments, so there is no need to worry that a treatment session will be painful. A few people have reported a slight warming or tingling sensation in the area being treated.
Most people receive radiation therapy in an effort to eliminate all cancer cells as part of a curative treatment approach. In addition to destroying cancer cells and slowing tumor growth, radiation therapy can also be used to shrink tumors and reduce pressure, pain, and other symptoms of cancer in cases when it is not possible to completely eliminate the disease. This is called palliative radiation therapy, in which the goal is to improve a person’s quality of life.
Having radiation therapy slightly increases the risk of developing a second cancer. However, it is important to remember that, for many people, radiation therapy can eliminate the current, existing cancer. This benefit far outweighs the small risk that the treatment could cause a new cancer later in life.